- What if my data contains personally identifiable information or other sensitive information?
- Do I own my research data?
- What if I want to patent or sell something based on my data?
- Can I copyright data?
- What is Creative Commons licensing?
- What constitutes “data” covered by a Data Management Plan?
- There is no public database for my type of data. What can I do to provide data access?
- If my research is supported by grant funding should the budget and its justification specifically address the costs of implementing the Data Management Plan?
- If I deposit data in the CSU Digital Repository and then leave CSU’s employ, what happens to my data?
- Does data management and access include supporting documentation and metadata, such as validation protocols, field notebooks, etc.?
- Will depositing my data in the CSU Digital Repository make my data available immediately, even before publication?
- My data include information of potential commercial value. Am I required to make that data publically available?
- If I participate in a collaborative international research project, do I need to be concerned with data management policies established by institutions outside the United States?
- My research is interdisciplinary and there are multiple sets of grant funder data management guidelines from which to choose, which one do I follow?
If your data includes information that would be harmful to individuals or institutions if made public, you should securely anonymize your data before sharing it. Furthermore, sharing that data in any form may require the consent of the research funder or of the people or institutions associated with the data. Always ask permission of the stakeholders involved before sharing sensitive data.
Do I own my research data?
If you work for CSU, the answer is typically no. CSU owns your research data and you are considered a steward of the data. However, CSU strives to promote open scholarship and, unless you have signed agreements stating otherwise, you are free to publicly share your research data, for example via the CSU Digital Repository. When you make your data publicly accessible, be sure that you attach a license that clearly articulates what someone else is and is not allowed to do with that data. See the Creative Commons licensing section below.
If your research is supported by grant funding or if you are collaborating with people outside the university, then data ownership becomes more complicated. Contact Linda Schutjer, Senior Associate Legal Counsel, to discuss your particular research in regards to ownership.
What if I want to patent or sell something based on my data?
If you want to patent, sell, commoditize or otherwise retain the ability to bring something to the market, it is not in your best interest to publicly share the data related to your work; however, practicing good data management can still improve your research process and reduce your workload.
Can I copyright data?
Typically, you cannot copyright data or facts; however, you can copyright the creative arrangement of data or facts. (see Facts and Data.) If you decide to share your data, the Libraries recommend that you use Creative Commons licenses to make it easier for others to use your data. For more information about copyright and the CSU Digital Repository, read Copyright – Frequently Asked Questions. For more general information about copyright at CSU, read this Copyright Research Guide.
What is Creative Commons licensing?
Data are numbers, letters, facts, statements, measurements, observations, etc. that are collected for the purpose of analysis. Data can be in any format and describe anything, qualitatively or quantitatively. Both of these scenarios are examples of data:
Scenario 1: A geneticist creates data when she performs mass-spectrometry DNA sequencing. The data she generates is exported into a text file and later analyzed with statistical software.
Scenario 2: A sociologist creates data when he takes field notes during while attending a sports event. The data he generates is in a Microsoft Word document and he will later analyze it to draw conclusions about his observations.
There is no public database for my type of data. What can I do to provide data access?
If my research is supported by grant funding, should the budget and its justification specifically address the costs of implementing the Data Management Plan?
Yes. As long as the costs are allowable in accordance with the applicable cost principles, and necessary to implement the Data Management Plan, such costs may be included in the proposal budget, and justified in the budget justification. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org, for assistance in data management budget justification.
CSU will continue to support and provide access to your data for as long as is financially feasible. You retain the right to take copies of you data with you but do not have the right to ask CSU to remove the data from the repository. For more information on research data ownership, contact Linda Schutjer, Senior Associate Legal Counsel, at email@example.com or (970) 491-6270.
We encourage data managers to preserve all supporting documentation and metadata that are required for someone to be able to understand and reproduce the data. All researchers are expected to be able to explain and defend their results. Doing so usually entails maintaining complete records of how data were collected. The manner in which one maintains such records and makes them available to others will vary from project to project. What constitutes reasonable procedures will be determined by the community of interest through the process of peer review and program management. These standards are likely to evolve as new technologies and resources become available.
Not necessarily. If you have data that you would like to deposit, but the related publication is not yet published, there is an option to embargo the data and metadata so that they will only become publicly available once your publication is. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
My data include information of potential commercial value. Am I required to make that data publicly available?
If you want to patent, sell, commoditize or otherwise retain the ability to bring something to the market, it is not in your best interest to publicly share the data related to your work (unless you are required to by your grant funder); however, practicing good data management can still improve your research process and reduce your workload. Contact CSU Ventures for more information about Tech Transfer at (970) 491-7100.
Yes. There may be cases where data management plans are affected by formal data protocols established by large international research consortia or set forth in formal science and technology agreements signed by the United States Government and foreign counterparts. Be sure to discuss this issue with your sponsored projects office (or equivalent) and your international research partner when first planning your collaboration. There may also be export control restrictions for your data. Contact Grant Calhoun, Export Control Administrator, for questions about export control: email@example.com or (970) 491-3599.
Choose the guideline with the most specifications for data management, longer digital digital preservation, greater public public access, etc. This will guarantee that you will meet all of the minimum requirements for whichever funder you choose while maintaining the highest quality of data management. If guidelines directly contradict each other, contact firstname.lastname@example.org, for assistance.
*Some content on this page borrowed from NSF’s ‘Data Management & Sharing Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)’